The current state and prospects of the development of soft dosage forms with Boraginaceae species


  • S. Svirska Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ukraine



ointment, gel, cream, Boraginaceae family, comfrey


Soft dosage forms make up a significant segment in the structure of medicines both pharmaceutical and industrial production. Herbal ointments are an integral part of this group. Species of the Boraginaceae family are the source of biologically active substances used to treat inflammatory processes of all layers of the skin, muscle tissue, tendons and joints.

Aim. To determine data on the current state of the development of soft dosage forms based on species of the Boraginaceae family and identify further prospects for studies in this area.

Materials and methods. The scientific databases, in particular Abdata Pharma-Daten-Service, BioMed Central, Scopus, scientific periodicals of Ukraine – Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine, etc., were analyzed.

Results and discussion. As a result of the data analysis of the Information Fund “State Register of Medicines of Ukraine” it has been found that only medicines with comfrey (Symphytum officinale L.) are registered in Ukraine. In the EU countries, only soft dosage forms with comfrey are registered, with the exception of Greece where there are ointments with Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Taush, and France where there are substances for the production of ointments with
Pulmonaria obscura Dumort. and Anchusa officinalis L. There are many soft homeopathic dosage forms with comfrey at the US pharmaceutical market; however, there are ointments and suppositories with Borago officinalis L. and a gel with Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill. At the Brazilian pharmaceutical market there is the cream “Acheflan” based on Cordia verbenacea DC. The European and Asian scientists study ointments with Cordia myxa L., Cordia obliqua Willd., Heliotropium indicum L., Arnebia euchroma Rolye. (Johnst.), Onosma dichroanthum Boiss, Arnebia densiflora (Nordm.) Ledeb, Ehretia microphylla Lam., Anchusa officinalis L.

Conclusions. Homeopathic products predominate among the soft dosage forms based on Boraginaceae species. At the pharmaceutical market, along with comfrey drugs, there are medicines and active substances with Borago officinalis, Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill, Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Taush, Pulmonaria obscura Dumort., Anchusa officinalis L. and Cordia verbenacea DC. There is an active research of the existing products with comfrey, as well as the development and study of new soft dosage forms with species of Arnebia, Heliotropium, Cordia, Onosma, Ehretia and Anchusa genus. Taking the above into account the further research for creating effective and safe drugs based on the Boraginaceae species is promising.


Author Biography

S. Svirska, Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University

Candidate of Pharmacy (Ph.D), teaching assistant of the Department of Organization and Economy of Pharmacy and Technology of Drugs


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Organization and Economy of Pharmacy