Features of teaching the fundamental and optional subjects to foreign applicants for higher education at the Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology of the National University of Pharmacy
Keywords:forms of teaching, applicants for higher education, practical lessons, teaching methods, microbiology, innovative methods
Aim. To generalize the experience in teaching the fundamental and optional subjects at the Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology, find new methodological and pedagogical techniques in order to optimize the assimilation of basic medical concepts and skills among foreign applicants for higher education.
Materials and methods. Within the framework of this study the modern data on methods and aids in teaching were studied, approaches to teaching the disciplines of the biomedical profile, such as “Microbiology with the basics of immunology” as a fundamental subject, and disciplines “Epidemiology of diseases” and “Tropical infections” as optional
subjects for foreign applicants for higher education at the Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology of the National University of Pharmacy were systematized and analyzed.
Results and discussion. The discipline “Microbiology with the basics of immunology” refers to the fundamental disciplines of the biomedical profile, which is studied by foreign applicants for higher education of the pharmaceutical faculty. At the Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology of the National University of Pharmacy various modern methodological techniques are used when conducting lectures, practical classes and seminars. In the educational process modern methods of teaching, monitoring and assessing knowledge are widely used in the form of a computer survey that involves foreign students in the process of mastering computer technologies aimed at forming their knowledge;
it helps to successfully solve educational problems within the classroom setting. The widespread use of the test control of knowledge is an important means of increasing the effectiveness of the educational process. The inclusion of interactive forms in the educational process relieves the nervous load of students, makes it possible to change the forms of activity, switch attention to the key issues of the topic of the lessons. It is also ethodologically interesting to conduct practical classes in the form of a discussion abstract conference, as well as the use of role-playing games. All this allows an objective assessment of the student’s preparation for the lesson, develops communication skills, creative thinking, an active life position, the ability to formulate thoughts using professional terms, forms public speaking skills, forms stereotypes of professional behavior and their correction in communication.
Conclusions. In recent years, the Ukrainian education system has been undergoing modernization of the learning process. Constant changes open up the need for each teacher to search for such pedagogical technologies that will motivate students, will make them interested in studying the discipline. This is especially true for such a category of students as foreign students. Thus, for the successful formation of effective educational activities of foreign students it is necessary to have modern educational and methodological literature, creative organization of the students’ independent work aimed at the wide use of active teaching methods (group discussions, business games), the effective work with information, setting and solving scientific practical problems, the participation of teachers and students in joint research work.
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