The study of the elemental composition of Iris hungarica and varieties of irises
Keywords:irises, leaves, rhizomes, elemental composition, atomic emission spectrometry
Aim. To determine the elemental composition of leaves and rhizomes of Iris hungarica and dwarf bearded irises.
Materials and methods. The objects of the study were leaves and rhizomes of Iris hungarica Waldst et Kit. and 5 varieties of standard dwarf bearded irises (Iridaceae). The content of macro- and microelements in the leaves and rhizomes of irises was determined by atomic emission spectrometry.
Results and discussion. For the first time the quantitative content of the mineral complex of Iris hungarica and dwarf bearded irises has been determined by atomic emission spectrometry. In total, 19 elements have been identified; among them there are 5 macroelements (K, Ca, Mg, Na, P), 10 microelements elements (Fe, Si, Al, Mn, Pl, Ni, Mo, Cu, Zn, Sr), 4 ultramicroelements (Co, Cd, As, Hg). The content of heavy, toxic elements are within the permissible limits. The experimental data will be further used to standardize the raw material of irises.
Conclusions. The quantitative content of the mineral complex of Iris hungarica and dwarf bearded irises has been identified. According to the research results the raw material of irises can be recommended as an additional source of macro- and microelements.
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